Rules of conduct in the mountains
1. Watch for fires and stoves. Better be dug place the fire so that sparks don’t set fire to dry grass nearby. After Parking always fill the fire with water. Sometimes in popular tourist areas there are already places where have already divorced the fire. If possible it is better to find such a place. Especially because this is usually the best place for Parking, why reinvent the wheel.
2. Do not cut live trees. Usually everywhere there are dead branches.
3. If after Parking You have unnecessary plastic and paper — gently burn them.
4. If You have left after eating unnecessary cans — burn them in the fire to black, slusnyte with a rock or an axe then bury.
5. Do not leave behind trash. Away in the woods usually no one. Mountains of garbage leave an unpleasant aftertaste. Want to find an untouched piece of nature.
6. Not worth it to destroy built up places for drinking water and recreation.
7. Do not contaminate springs, streams, and mineral springs. You of them to drink.
8. Don’t tear unnecessarily flowers and berries, don’t break branches of trees.
9. Don’t scare wild animals and grazing cows, sheep, goats, etc.
10. If You have any difficulties with the road, ask for directions from local people. Usually they measure off distances. Told You the time is multiplied by two — and it will be real time up to the desired point.
11. If gathered in a small village, dress modestly — no need to shock the local population.
Hiking in the mountains.
If you are going Hiking in the mountains even for 1 day, it is better to bring spare dry things. This applies to any hikes in any weather, as the weather in the mountains is very changeable. This is especially true of the mountains above 1600 meters.
Even if the sun is shining down and the heat — on the top also may be fog or rain. And if a strong wind — it is doubly worse. Don’t forget that if you increase the height of 100 meters the temperature drops on average by 1 degree. Shoes — soled shoes, preferably waterproof. Can shoes. Sneakers and running shoes do not recommend — not very convenient. If it rained, the grass is wet, therefore the pants are knee-deep wet. Day trip is enough to bring some food, plastic water bottle, waterproof jacket or raincoat, a hat. But if for a few days, then this will not do. An exemplary set of things — spare pants, shirt, waterproof jacket, sweater, hat, spare shoes. And of course the tent, sleeping bag, pot, food for a few days. Map, preferably polukilometrovy and compass. And don’t forget to lug a huge backpack easily, only the first 2 kilometers (if without preparation). And in the mountains want to reset and go without him. So plan routes based on all the above terms — the weather, the number of things, the type of terrain. And yet — the fog made the visibility to 10 meters. You can easily get lost. So you need to go after each other without losing from sight of the others.
What medications to take.
Every tourist, it is desirable to have on hand a stock of medicines for first aid in different situations. Sometimes it can save your life or the lives of others. The situation may be different. A small first aid kit is not much weight Your baggage, but will help get rid of many problems.
It is desirable to have at least one tool from each group of the following drugs:
Remedies for the common cold and fever: Fervex, Coldrex, Theraflu
Painkillers. paracetamol, aspirin, spazmalgon
Drugs anti-diarrheal: Imodium, enteroseptol, diarol
Preparations for the best digestion — festal and Mezim
Anti-allergic drugs — claritin, Telfast
Cardiac drugs — Corvalol, valocordin
Local antiseptics — iodine, «Zelenka»
Scissors, tweezers, bandage, band-aid
In addition, it is desirable to put in a first aid kit thermometer in the case.
Don’t take powerful drugs, antibiotics, strong sleeping pills, and drugs that You have never used and know about them only by hearsay. Drug Allergy — one of the most dangerous types of allergic reactions. Having the required set of drugs, however, do not get self-treatment. If the symptoms persist, it is better to consult a local doctor — especially because most of Your expenses covered mandatory for traveling abroad health insurance.
How to behave in an unfamiliar area.
If you are first time in an unfamiliar area, it is better to follow a pre-planned route. If you are traveling in a group or friends — better to stick together. In the mountains anything can happen. You can even get lost. And in the mountains there are dangerous cliffs. If you have a mobile phone, it is better to take it with me. Winter in the mountains can happen due to snow avalanches. To get to the destination, it is better to ask the taxi drivers or drivers of minibuses and buses. They will tell you exactly how to better and faster you get. Local people can help, but can give incorrect information. Be polite. If you have never been in the woods or in the mountains, to anywhere far better not to get out. You can always find a guide who for a small fee, will take you on a tour into the mountains.
If a man got into cold water or even in the bitter cold without adequate clothing or unforeseen circumstances, he may die from hypothermia. Even if the person is then placed in a warm room, usually death occurs within an hour when severe hypothermia. Signs — violation breathing, slowed reaction, a severe drop in body temperature, pain in joints, slurred speech… In this case it is necessary to provide emergency assistance. People will not be able to warm yourself. It is necessary to ensure complete rest, drink hot tea, to give a warm dry clothes. You cannot RUB the body, to give the alcohol. If there is no hot water, it is best to warm the victim’s own body. Then to charge the body with pieces of cloth soaked in hot water. At the same time massaging the limbs. Heating should be uniform and gradual. You cannot place the victim near a fire. After people came to, to drink tea, feed, and provide the peace of not less than a day.
If you are not able to provide first aid, if possible, refer to a health facility or in the nearest village. But it is important to remember that delay could cost a man’s life.
In this short article, we will speak not about what draws tourists to the mountains. And that is pushing desperate people to new exploits and conquest of the mountain peaks. And not even that makes a lot of people, regardless of age, and Hobbies, just come and enjoy the mountain scenery…
Everything is much easier and more serious — indeed there is altitude sickness.
At ascent air density decreases and the body doesn’t receive adequate amounts of oxygen. Lungs fail to capture a sufficient amount of oxygen from the air. ‘t have to be a professional climber or skier to get mountain sickness. Any man that gets to a height of above 1,000 metres above sea level, runs the risk of encountering problems.
Problems can arise from a variety of people — with different physical training, health, ages. Any person unaccustomed to the high altitude, you may experience the light and heavy forms of the disease. Therefore, people unprepared and with poor health you should follow some precautions. Some quickly adapt to the lack of oxygen, some require a long adaptation.
If uphill starts shortness of breath, nausea and headache — these are the first symptoms of the disease. Help painkillers and plenty of fluids. If you feel unwell — better on the top not to go. You can wait for the group on the spot or go down. For people with a weak heart climbing is also dangerous. It’s not an easy walk, and hard work. Some peaks do not reach, the incidence of heart attacks. This applies especially popular summits that are usually a group of people of the different age categories.
You need to drink more water, avoid alcohol and take it slow on your first day in the mountains. To prevent mountain sickness, it is recommended to drink 3-4 liters of water a day. Stay at the same height until the resulting symptoms disappear. Only when they will disappear completely, consider that you are acclimated and can continue climbing. If you don’t feel confident, there will always be reasonable to start the descent at the onset of symptoms. Actually, once you get down, improve your condition will go faster.
It is advisable to climb on short routes, a small height, to assess their strength and a little bit to get used to physical activity.
If any of the group begins to look bad and stagger, consider that this person is exposed to considerable danger and needs immediate assistance. And it is always important to remember that, if one of your friends complains of headache and other symptoms of altitude sickness, you should stop climbing until, until he gets better.